This paper examines the expression of personal style in the discussion
sections of Spanish and English research articles, namely, the use of
integral references in citations (i.e. with named researchers), the frequency
of general nouns referring to researchers (e.g. ‘authors’
autores), and the presence of the current authors through first-person
plural verb forms. These features are analyzed in terms of overall frequency,
lexico-grammatical characteristics and the communicative roles associated
with them. The main roles of integral citations are to provide background
information on aspects of study design, comparison of results between
current and previous research, and support for claims. In addition to
comparison of results, first person references can appear in the justification
of methodological choices, statement of results, limitations and claims.
The study investigates the use of corpus techniques to reveal systematic
differences between the styles employed in the two languages.
A. Williams, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.