TEXT A, Righting Citing Workshop

What confusion is created by the citing in the following text?*


… Cryptococcal meningitis is a common life-threatening infection in patients with advanced HIV disease. It is a major cause of death from AIDS in Asia and accounted for 13, 17, and 44% of all deaths in three cohorts of HIV-infected patients in Africa (1, 2, 3, 4). For comparison, tuberculosis was identified as the cause in 5, 6, and 13% of deaths in these cohorts (2, 3, 4).

1. Chariyalertsak, S., T. Sirisanthana, O. Saengwonloey, K. Nelson. 2001. Clinical presentation and risk behaviors of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Thailand, 1994–1998: regional variation and temporal trends. Clin. Infect. Dis. 32:955.
2. Okongo, M., D. Morgan, B. Mayanja, A. Ross, J. Whitworth. 1998. Causes of death in a rural, population-based human immunodeficiency virus type 1 natural history cohort in Uganda. Int. J. Epidemiol. 27:698.
3. French, N., J. Nakiyingi, L. M. Carpenter, E. Lugada, C. Watera, K. Moi, M. Moore, D. Antvelink, D. Mulder, E. N. Janoff, et al 2000. 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in HIV-1-infected Ugandan adults: double-blind, randomized and placebo controlled trial. Lancet 355:2106.
4. Corbett, E. L., G. J. Churchyard, S. Charalambos, B. Samb, V. Moloi, T. C. Clayton, A. D. Grant, J. Murray, R. J. Hayes, K. M. De Cock. 2002. Morbidity and mortality in South African gold miners: impact of untreated disease due to human immunodeficiency virus. Clin. Infect. Dis. 34:1251.

*From Siddiqui et al. IFN-? at the Site of Infection Determines Rate of Clearance of Infection in Cryptococcal Meningitis. J Immunol. 2005; 174: 1746–1750.